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A large display in a compact space The Lange outsize date

With the outsize date, Lange succeeded for the first time in integrating a date display of this format in a wristwatch. The date is indicated in a gold frame with numerals that are about three times larger than those in watches of comparable dimensions. This innovation not only makes the date much more legible, it also simplifies the setting process, because the date is not adjusted with the crown as is customary. Instead, it can be conveniently advanced day by day with a rapid-correction pusher.

Ralph Knoll on the outsize date mechanism

The components of the outsize date are the tens cross, the units disc, the base plate, the programme wheel of the units disc, and the programme wheel of the tens cross

1 Tens cross 
2 Units disc 
3 Base plate 
4 Programme wheel of the units disc 
5 Programme wheel of the tens cross 

This is how the outsize date works

 

The outsize date consists of two separate display elements: the units disc and the tens cross. They revolve one above the other with a clearance of only 0.15 millimetres, which requires extreme dexterity during assembly. To correctly reproduce the date sequence, the disc and the cross must advance at irregular intervals. The ring-shaped units disc switches once a day, except at the transition from the 31st of a month to the 1st of the next month: then, it stands still for a day. The tens cross advances by one increment every 10 days. However, when the “3” is displayed, the cross advances after the 2nd day, because the “3” is needed only to display the 30th and the 31st of a month. To enable this irregular switching sequence, each display element is controlled by a programme wheel whose special toothing pattern assures that the date is advanced correctly.

LANGE 1 model with an outsize date in pink gold
LANGE 1 model with an outsize date in blue
The outsize date features two separate display elements: a units disc and a tens cross

The programme wheel of the tens cross has four teeth. Two of them are close together so that the cross switches from the “3” to the blank field after only two days. 
 

To make sure the “1” is displayed for two days at the transition from the 31st to the 1st day, two teeth were omitted in the programme wheel of the units disc.  

The outsize date: large display in a compact space

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