DOUBLE AND TRIPLE RATTRAPANTE MECHANISMS

UNBEATABLE IN TIME COMPARISONS

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A rattrapante chronograph allows comparative, lap-time, and reference value measurements as well as fastest/slowest evaluations. This is possible thanks to two hands seated on concentric arbors. The DOUBLE SPLIT features this arrangement twice: two large seconds hands and two small hands for the minute counters. In the TRIPLE SPLIT there is an hour counter with a third pair of small hands. The following description of the seconds axis applies analogously to the minute- and hour-counter axes.

THIS IS HOW THE DOUBLE AND TRIPLE RATTRAPANTE MECHANISM WORK

The chrono sweep-seconds hand is attached to the outer tubular chronograph centre arbor (1). It is driven by the movement via the chronograph wheel (2). It is rigidly connected to the zero-reset heart cam (3) of the chronograph wheel as well as to the rattrapante heart cam (4).

Sketch of the axes of the double rattrapante mechanism

The heart cam makes it possible to zero a hand as quickly as possible, either clockwise or anticlockwise, whichever is faster. The rattrapante hand must also be resynchronised with the chrono sweep-seconds hand after a lap time has been stopped. The rattrapante hand, which is superposed on the chrono sweep-seconds hand, is attached to the inner rattrapante centre arbor (5). At its bottom end, this arbor holds the disengagement wheel (6) and the rattrapante centre wheel (7) to which the freely rotatable rattrapante heart lever (8) is attached. 

rattrapante mechanism of the DOUBLE SPLIT

STARTING AND STOPPING THE RATTRAPANTE HANDS

In the basic position, the rattrapante hammer (8) is pressed against the flat side of the rattrapante heart cam (4) by a spring (9), assuring that the rattrapante centre wheel (7) is driven when the rattrapante mode is active. This connects the otherwise separately moving chrono centre arbor (1) and rattrapante centre arbor (5). When the chronograph is started, all three chronograph and rattrapante hands begin to run at the same time.

When the rattrapante button is actuated, the interconnected rattrapante switching lever (10) advances the column wheel (11) by one increment. At this point, the rattrapante clamp (12) closes and immobilises the rattrapante centre wheel (7): The rattrapante sweep-seconds hand is now stopped. Concurrently, the minute arresting spring (13) and the hour arresting lever (15) immobilise the rattrapante minute and hour counters. All the while, the three chronograph hands continue to run. When the rattrapante button (10) is pressed a second time, the rattrapante clamp (12) opens; the minute arresting spring (13) and the hour arresting lever (15) are pushed aside. The rattrapante hands instantly rejoin the chronograph hands.

rattrapante mechanism of the TRIPLE SPLIT

DISENGAGEMENT MECHANISM

Thanks to a patented disengagement mechanism, the ability to stop lap times does not come at the expense of a loss of amplitude. In conventional designs, as the chronograph hands continue to run while the rattrapante hands are stopped, the hammers (8) that slide on the rattrapante heart cams (4) cause friction, which can have a negative impact on rate stability. In the DOUBLE SPLIT and the TRIPLE SPLIT, this disadvantage is eliminated in that when the rattrapante hands are stopped, two disengagement wheels (6) and (6a) on the rattrapante centre wheel and the rattrapante minute-counter wheel lift the hammers off the rattrapante heart cams that continue to rotate. For this purpose, the disengagement wheels are turned by a few degrees by the disengagement segment (14). The hour counter does not need such a mechanism because the friction loss it causes is negligible due to the high torque and the comparatively slow rotation.

EXPLORE FURTHER

RATTRAPANTE MECHANISM
RATTRAPANTE MECHANISM
The development of the rattrapante function appeared to have ended until A. Lange & Söhne presented the DOUBLE SPLIT in 2004.
CHRONOGRAPH
CHRONOGRAPH
Chronographs and their manufacture movements have been flagship products of A. Lange & Söhne since 1999.
FLYBACK MECHANISM
FLYBACK MECHANISM
The precisely jumping minute counter and the flyback function have been two features of Lange chronographs since 1999.

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